As a pioneer in cannabis and with a strong belief in this sacred plant capable of touching the lives of many, you’ll find many educational and myth-busting tips on all things “CBD.” Stepping in sync with my formulator and team of PhD’s, the opportunities of hemp reach far beyond CBD, encompassing other non-psychoactive compounds —namely, minor cannabinoids such as CBC, CBG, and CBN—as star-ingredient status.
Today we tap into the art and science of CBN in light of our long-awaited pre-launch for the first HIGH-level CBN Sleep Tonic (stress and sleepless night antidote versus….Ambien).
Talking SLEEP - and lack thereof it.
Sleep deprivation: an estimated one in three Americans are suffering from it and lack the recommended seven to nine hours of sleep a night.
More than slowing you down throughout your day, a chronic lack of sleep can wreak havoc on the immune system, libido, cognitive abilities, and lead to premature aging and disease.
Redefining your ‘sleep hygiene’ — known as your nighttime schedule, pre-bedtime activities, food, and the environment — is the first step to getting adequate rest. If tweaking our sleep hygiene doesn’t work, we often take our troubles to the doctor’s office for a prescription.
CBN brings great hope for those that struggle with finding new sleep hacks, medications, or simply suffering with no resolution.
With no further adoooo…. Lets jump in!
As noted, CBD is the most abundant cannabinoid found in hemp, it’s just one of many that are thought to be supportive in the face of mental or physical stress. CBG (cannabigerol) and CBC (cannabichromene) are known as anti-inflammatory agents. CBN (cannabinol) shows some promise as a sleep aid. While CBD is believed to have these benefits, I believe we can create more nuanced, targeted solutions by incorporating higher levels of these secondary cannabinoids.
STEP ASIDE, CBD—CBN & OTHER CANNABINOIDS ARE RISING IN THE SPOTLIGHT
A growing problem is that some common pharmaceutical sleep aids may actually be doing more harm than good, especially when the cause of sleep problems is not fully understood (or if sleep hygiene is not optimal).
If the root cause of your insomnia is from anxiety or pain, CBD’s signaling of the endocannabinoid system can target and level-set these issues related to a person’s sleep-wake cycle and pain processing, both of which are regulated by the ECS. While it can take some trial and error to find your standard dose for sleep, the general consensus for getting started is to start low, gradually increasing as needed after observing your results.
One of these lesser-known compounds is Cannabinol or CBN. It is vastly understudied since both THC and CBD have taken center stage when it comes to research, media coverage, and legalities surrounding the cannabis industry. And it is true that they are the two compounds with the most significant presence within cannabis plants.
CBN boasts quite a few natural health benefits, much the same as CBD and THC do. However, there are some substantial differences between this cannabinoid and its relatives which are important to be aware of. In this article, we are going to take an in-depth look at CBD and CBN.
We are also going to go over the fundamental similarities and differences between the two. This should help to clear up any misconceptions and hopefully leave you better informed about this more obscure member of the hemp cannabinoid family.
What is CBN
Showing incredible promise as a sleep aid, cannabinol is less abundant/readily available than CBD or THC, though it was one of the first cannabinoids discovered. It’s produced when THC is oxidized, which is why dried-out cannabis flower that has been exposed to oxygen can be a good source for CBN extraction. In addition to being an effective sleep aid, CBN joins CBD and THC in its powerful pain-relieving anti-inflammatory properties, as well as offering possible relief for depression and neurological conditions like epilepsy and Alzheimer's.
What is THC
The main psychoactive component in cannabis, it’s also a powerful analgesic that led to the relatively widespread acceptance of cannabis as a medical treatment for an array of conditions. Its function in medicine has yet to be safely replicated in a pharmaceutical capacity in a way that satisfies patients at large, which in part informs the resurgence of interest in the plant’s powerful medicine and compound isolates. One incredible discovery that’s been made regarding CBD is that its properties can counteract and reduce THC’s classic hallmarks of paranoia and psychoactive effects.
What is CBD?
Well-documented to be a powerful anti-inflammatory, cannabidiol was first discovered in 1940 but has has only recently been approved by the FDA in the anti-seizure drug Epidiolex. Following that remarkable precedent, the potential applications for CBD have become an area of stronger focus, with active research ongoing into the compound’s applications for anxiety disorders, pain, cognition, and more. Case studies as well as state-level legislation are indicating cannabis and CBD-based treatments can be effective for sufferers of PTSD or psychotic disorders. Its impact on the wellness world and shift towards self-care can’t be overstated.
Short for cannabidiol, CBD is a natural compound found within both the Hemp and Marijuana species of cannabis. All of the legally obtained CBD in the United States is sourced from industrial hemp, not marijuana plants. Although marijuana plants do contain some CBD, the amount pales in comparison to that of the hemp plant.
CBD sourced from hemp is also the only kind that is legal at the federal level. The 2018 Farm Act states that industrial hemp must have no more than 3% THC content to be used to create CBD products.
Cannabis is turning out to be an incredibly versatile plant, and CBD is showing real potential in the health and wellness industry. It is known to help with anxiety, depression, insomnia, pain, inflammation, nausea, and cancer treatment-related symptoms.
There are over 100 similar compounds found in hemp, many of which have not yet been studied. of these compounds, CBD and THC are the most well-known, but scientists are uncovering other chemicals that may prove to be beneficial as well.
What is CBN?
CBN, or Cannabinol, is one of these. It is said to have very similar effects on some health conditions, but CBN is more closely related to THC. In fact, Cannabinol is made when THC is either heated or exposed to oxygen. This means that you can turn THC into CBN by either leaving it to sit for some time or by heating it carefully in your oven on a low temperature.
When you think about it, it is kind of amazing how something like Cannabinol can be born from something like THC through oxidization. Yet, it has many different effects. While it is up for debate just how psychotropic CBN is, it can be concluded that it is nowhere near the same level as THC.
It is becoming more apparent through research that CBN has a potent sedative effect. Studies have found that CBN could potentially be as potent of a sleep agent as some of the stronger pharmaceuticals on the market. As little as 2.5 mg of CBN can be just as effective as some mild to moderate sedatives like Valium and Ambien—often prescribed to those who suffer from sleep-related issues.
On top of its sleep-inducing effects, CBN also appears to have many health benefits similar to those found in CBD and THC.
CBD vs. CBN: What are the Key Similarities?
CBD and CBN both come from the same plant family, and science shows that both may be effective for a variety of health conditions. A few of the common health conditions that both of these Cannabis compounds are said to aid in treating are epilepsy, anxiety, nausea, insomnia, pain, and inflammation. They have also both been proven to have anti-bacterial and neuroprotective properties as well.
The amount of scientific data available for CBN is limited as scientists are just now beginning to study it and look more thoroughly into its medical applications. Having said this, it is speculated that THC, CBN, and CBD may work better together for specific health ailments rather than being used in isolation of each other.
This is due to something called the “entourage effect,” the theory that two or more substances work better together than they do apart.
As more research is conducted on CBN and cannabis in general, we will likely learn far more about the different compounds within the cannabis sativa plants and have a better idea of just how closely interlinked they are.
CBD vs. CBN: What are the Key Differences?
Often when you hear about cannabis compounds in the news, it is either THC or CBD that people are talking about. In fact, many people don’t even know that CBN exists unless they have a keen interest in cannabis as a plant medicine.
Although CBD and CBN come from the same plant group, that doesn’t necessarily mean that they have the same effects or chemical make up. CBN starts as a completely different compound. CBN is actually what happens after THC is heated up or is exposed to air. This oxidization process helps to remove a lot of the psychotropic effects of the THC, leaving a mildly sedating compound.
Because CBN is a degraded version of THC, it is best harvested from dried marijuana plants as opposed to fresh marijuana or hemp plants. The reason for this is that industrial hemp plants have less than a .3% THC yield, which isn’t enough when you’re trying to extract any amount of it. Marijuana plants, on the other hand, can have a THC yield of up to 30%, which is more than enough to use for extracting CBN.
Another main difference between CBD and CBN is that CBD doesn’t have any sedative effects. Sure, it will relax you, but is generally not sedating. CBN, on the other hand, is proving to be quite an excellent sedative. Cannabis experts believe that CBN may be a big part of the reason that many people feel glued to the couch after smoking Indica strains of marijuana, which often produce a sedating effect on the user.
The final difference worth mentioning between these two compounds is that CBD has no psychedelic effects whatsoever. CBN, however, is thought to have mild psychotropic effects because it is a direct breakdown of THC.
CBD and CBN share the fantastic ability to help people live better and healthier lives, but they do so in very different ways. We have only reached the tip of the iceberg when it comes to researching these two compounds. As more studies are conducted, it is likely we will discover even more benefits about the wealth of cannabinoids in cannabis.
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